While international trade in jaguars or their body parts is prohibited, the cat is still frequently killed, particularly in conflicts with ranchers and farmers in South America. [101] The skins were traded with the lowland peoples of the tropical Orinoquía Region. Where present, it also preys on Odocoileus deer, spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus), South American tapir (Tapirus terrestris), crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous), tapeti (Sylvilagus brasiliensis) and agouti species. Though there are single cats now living within Arizona, the species has largely been extirpated from the United States since the early 20th century. [62] In the wild, consumption is naturally more erratic; wild cats expend considerable energy in the capture and kill of prey, and they may consume up to 25 kg (55 lb) of meat at one feeding, followed by periods of famine. It is the national animal of Guyana, and is featured in its Coat of arms of Guyana. It kills capybara by piercing its canine teeth through the temporal bones of the capybara's skull, breaking its zygomatic arch and mandible and penetrating its brain, often through the ears. [84], Jaguar conservation is complicated because of the species' large range spanning 18 countries with different policies and regulations. The heart and lungs are consumed, followed by the shoulders. El rango de domicilio del Jaguar macho es de 18 a 55 millas cuadradas y, frecuentemente, se sobrepone con el rango de domicilio más pequeño de diversas hembras. The word 'jaguar' is derived from 'iaguara', a word in one of the indigenous languages of Brazil for a wild spotted cat that is larger than a wolf. [46], In pre-Columbian Central and South America, the jaguar was a symbol of power and strength. [21][22][23][24], Its immediate ancestor was Panthera onca augusta, which was larger than the contemporary jaguar. [5], In 1758, Carl Linnaeus described the jaguar in his work Systema Naturae and gave it the scientific name Felis onca. Indigenous peoples in Guyana call it 'jaguareté'. Black jaguars were also recorded in Costa Rica's Alberto Manuel Brenes Biological Reserve and in the mountains of the Cordillera de Talamanca. Jaguars in the Chamela-Cuixmala Biosphere Reserve on the Pacific coast of central Mexico weighed around 50 kg (110 lb), about the size of a female cougar. [65] Females range more widely than usual during courtship. Specific areas of high importance for jaguar conservation, so-called "Jaguar Conservation Units" (JCU) were determined in 2000. [33][47][48], However, accurately determining what effect species like the jaguar have on ecosystems is difficult, because data must be compared from regions where the species is absent as well as its current habitats, while controlling for the effects of human activity. The spots and their shapes vary between individual jaguars: rosettes may include one or several dots. Es un carnívoros perteneciente al género Panthera y es la única variedad de este género que se puede conseguir en América. The jaguar has also been termed a keystone species, as it is assumed that it controls the population levels of prey such as herbivorous and granivorous mammals, and thus maintains the structural integrity of forest systems. Jaguars did not evolve eating large primates, and do not normally see humans as food. Es un mamífero grande, musculoso y robusto. [28] The jaguar's elusive nature and the inaccessibility of much of its preferred habitat make it a difficult animal to sight, let alone study. [56] This may be an adaptation to "cracking open" turtle shells; armored reptiles may have formed an abundant prey base for the jaguar following the late Pleistocene extinctions. Cubs El jaguar, yaguar o yaguareté [N 1] (Panthera onca) es un carnívoro félido de la subfamilia de los Panterinos y género Panthera.Es la única de las cinco especies actuales de este género que se encuentra en América.También es el mayor félido de América y el tercero del mundo, después del tigre (Panthera tigris) y el león (Panthera leo). separate and live solitary all their lives, only other Jaguars frequent in to think that they are fierce and wild animals has caused them to be in On average The tail is the shortest of any big cat, at 45 to 75 cm (18 to 30 in) in length.

características del jaguar

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